The medicinal benefits of CBD oil and medical cannabis

medicinal benefits of CBD

Medicinal benefits of CBD oil

Here we provide a brief introduction to the medical benefits of CBD and medical Cannabis, with an overview of treatments that have been implemented

One of the most interesting aspects of Medical Cannabis and CBD oil is the wide range of medical applications they offer. These applications fall broadly into three spheres of treatment. They include; pain management, treatment of complex motor disorders, and mental health care.

The UK is gradually introducing forms of Medical Cannabis and CBD oil as a legal treatment option available on the NHS. at present, only for pain management and for the treatment of complex motor disorders. CBD oil was introduced for medicinal purposes in 2016. Further, in June 2018 the Home Office launched a review into the scheduling of cannabis-based products for medicinal purposes. “Professor Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer (CMO) for England and Chief Medical Advisor to the UK Government. On assesing the therapeutic and medicinal benefits of cannabis products for medicinal use in humans on prescription; we find that there is conclusive evidence of therapeutic benefit for certain medical conditions, and reasonable evidence in medical conditions.” Additionally, CBD can be legally bought in high street stores as a “nutrition supplement.”

Medicinal benefits of CBD oil

CBD and pain management

Medical marijuana probably most commonly associates in the popular imagination with managing pain related to arthritis and cancer. The connection between THC and CBD and cancer is being clinically studied for over 50 years today.

In 2017 Blake et al published a review of clinical trials into this subject dating back to 1975. Medical marijuana is also for managing nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. In the UK, the artificial cannabis product Nabilone is for precisely this purpose. Rather than CBD, Nabilione, in fact, mimics tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive component of marijuana.

Medicinal benefits of CBD oil

Further, Medical Marijuana isn’t currently in use in the UK for the treatment of Arthritis. Clinical trials to date have primary focus on animal models. Primary studies have focus on rats, such as this study from 2000 and this follow up study from 2014. Both of which found similar results. With increasing clinical trials, no doubt this area of treatment will rapidly expand.

Interestingly, CBD also shows great promise in the treatment of topical pain. CBD’s ability to provide effective pain relief without the inhibition of wound healing make it a promising replacement for opioids. which have a high rate of both addiction and accidental overdose.

Medicinal benefits of cbd oil

CBD and complex motor disorde

The drive behind legalizing marijuana products for medical use comes from the proven efficacy in treating complex motor disorders. Such as; epilepsy, spasticity and dystonia, and dravet syndrome.

In the UK, Sativex, which is a 50-50 mix of THC and CBD produced in a lab, are for use in the UK by the MHRA as a treatment for multiple sclerosis. However, in 2014, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, which issues guidance to NHS doctors, gave the medicine “do not recommend” status, saying it was not cost-effective

Clinical research in this area has greatly increased in the past few years. In just the past year alone Hausman-Kedern et al published a longitudinal study into the use of CBD. Porcari et al studied artisanal CBD as an adjunct therapy to epilepsy. Also, Libzon et al published  study on the efficacy of medical cannabis in children with complex motor disorder

Medicinal benefits of CBD oil

CBD and mental health

This is the least developed realm of treatment. However research to date shows that CBD and medical marijuana shows promise in treating; dementia, cannabis dependence, tobacco and opioid dependence, psychoses and schizophrenia, general social anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, anorexia nervosa, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Parkinson’s disease and Tourette’s disorder.

CBD can in fact “counteract the undesirable effects of the psychoactive cannabinoid Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) that hinder clinical development of cannabis-based therapies” as “CBD blunts Δ9-THC-induced cognitive impairment in an adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR)-dependent manner.”

Consumer interest has been particularly focuses on the use of CBD for anxiety. Multiple studies have found that CBD use significantly reduces anxiety. Shannon et al found 79.2% reduction in anxiety after the first month, and Kamal et al have similar effectiveness.

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